Akola in Maharashtra and Barmer, Jaisalmer and Kota in Rajasthan saw surface temperatures crossing 40 degrees on every day in May. Similarly, 40-plus temperatures were recorded for 30 days in Bikaner (Rajasthan) and 29 days in Churu (Rajasthan), Jhansi (UP) and Ramugundam in Telangana.
The analysis was on data taken from the US government’s National Climate Data Center (NCDC), which is the world’s largest archive of weather data collated from stations across the world.
TOI analysed daily maximum temperature data for May for 101 stations, those for which NCDC has temperature records for at least 29 of the 31 days in May.
There were 14 stations where the maximum temperature crossed 40 degrees on more than 90% of the days in May. These, apart from the stations already mentioned, include Ganganagar, Jaipur and Jodhpur in Rajasthan, Guna and Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh and Hissar in Haryana. Then there are eight stations where at least 80% of the month’s days saw the temperature crossing 40 degrees.Three of these —Sagar, Bhopal and Satna — are in Madhya Pradesh while Gujarat, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Telangana each have one such station – Rajkot, Daltonganj, Gondia, Ajmer and Nizamabad, respectively.
The next lot, which also includes the national capital, is the group of stations where the temperature in May crossed 40 degrees for at least 70% of the days. These are Amritsar, Varanasi, Jharsuguda and Sambalpur in Odisha, Bhaunagar (Gujarat) and Safdarjung in Delhi.
The data shows that 33 of the 101 stations saw the temperature cross 40 degrees on at least 50% of days in May. Major cities in this list – other than those aleady mentioned — were Sambalpur in Odisha, Hoshangabad in Madhya Pradesh, Udaipur in Rajasthan, Aurangabad in Maharashtra and Deesa in Gujarat.
There are also 40 stations where the maximum temperature never crossed 40 degrees in May. Other than hill stations, this list includes Bengaluru, Mumbai, Kolkata, Puri, Dwarka and Thiruvananthapuram. Pune, another city known for its moderate weather, saw temperatures going past 40 degrees twice.