Here’s a look at the life of Lech Walesa, former president of Poland.
Birth date: September 29, 1943
Birth place: Popowo, Poland
Father: Boleslaw Walesa, carpenter
Mother: Felicja (Kaminski) Walesa
Marriage: Miroslawa “Danuta” (Golos) Walesa (1969-present)
Children: Bogdan, Slawek, Przemek, Jarek, Magdalena, Ania, Maria Wiktoria and Brygidka
Military service: Army, Corporal, 1965-1967
Religion: Roman Catholic
His father was imprisoned in a Nazi concentration camp.
Sent his wife to accept his Nobel Prize, as he feared he would not be allowed to return to Poland.
1961-1965 – Works as a car mechanic.
1965-1967 – Serves in the Polish Army.
1967 – Begins working as an electrician at the Lenin shipyard in Gdansk.
1970 – During strikes protesting the rise of food prices, 45 shipyard workers are killed. Walesa is one of the leaders of the strike.
1976 – Is fired for his political activities.
1978 – Works with other activists to form free trade unions.
August 1980 – Leads a strike in the Gdansk shipyard, which spreads across the country. The workers win the right to organize their own union.
September 1980 – The independent trade union Solidarity is formed.
January 1981 – Meets with Pope John Paul II.
December 1981 – Walesa is arrested. Martial law is imposed across the country.
October 1982 – The Polish parliament passes an act dissolving all unions, including Solidarity.
November 1982 – Walesa is released.
July 1983 – Martial law is lifted.
October 1983 – Is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1987 – Walesa’s book, “A Way of Hope,” is published.
November 1989 – Addresses a joint session of the US Congress.
December 1990 – Is elected president of Poland.
1991 – Walesa’s autobiography, “The Struggle and The Triumph,” is published.
1995 – Founds the Lech Walesa Institute.
November 1995 – Is defeated in the presidential election.
2000 – Is again defeated in the presidential election.
August 2006 – Announces he has quit Solidarity as he opposes the union’s support of Poland’s current leadership.
February 2008 – Is implanted with a pacemaker at a hospital in Houston.
2009 – Sues Polish President Lech Kaczynski for libel, because of Kaczynski’s comments that Walesa was a spy in the 1970s. Kaczynski is killed in a plane crash in April 2010.
July 2012 – At Walesa’s invitation, US presidential candidate Mitt Romney travels to Poland. Walesa wishes Romney success in the election.
March 2013 – Tells a television reporter that as a minority, gay people have no right to prominent positions in politics, and should sit toward the rear of parliament or even “behind a wall.” He later refuses to apologize.
July 8, 2017 – Is hospitalized with heart problems in Gdansk.
January 21, 2022 – Walesa announces he has tested positive for Covid-19.